View photos of the medicinal plant Eysenhardtia texana (Texas kidneywood). The Spaniards were the first Europeans to take this plant to their homeland where it quickly became very popular for the treatment of various urinary tract diseases (Martínez, 1989). This interesting phenomenon is due to a novel four-ringed chemical compound known as tetrahydromethanobenzofuro[2,3-d]oxacine, which is not found in the intact plant, but rather is the end product of an unusual spontaneous oxidation involving some of the plant’s natural compounds known as flavonoids (Acuña et al., 2009; Berdonces, 2009; Mabberley, 2008; Martínez, 1989). A study by Gutiérrez and Báez (2014) using diabetic mice showed that a kidneywood methanol-water extract possessed considerable antioxidant activity against free radicals or reactive oxygen species (ROS) that cause oxidative stress and inflammation. The safety of using kidneywood during pregnancy and lactation has not been established. https://www.barnesandnoble.com/charles-w-kane/, https://www.indiebound.org/charles-w-kane/, http://www.booksamillion.com/charles-w-kane/, Eysenhardtia texana | Texas kidneywood | Medicinal Uses, Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest, Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States, Sonoran Desert Food Plants: Edible Uses for the Desert’s Wild Bounty (Second Edition), Southern California Food Plants: Wild Edibles of the Valleys, Foothills, Coast, and Beyond, Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A Pocket Guide to the Identification, Collection, Preparation, and Use of 60 Wild Plants of the Lone Star State, Studies in Western Herbal Medicine (Retired), Shepherdia canadensis | Buffalo berry | Edible Uses, Lithospermum incisum | Fringed puccoon | Medicinal Uses, Coriandrum sativum | Coriander | Medicinal Uses, Ceanothus velutinus | Red root | Medicinal Uses, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi | Uva-ursi | Medicinal Uses, Chaerophyllum procumbens | Wild chervil | Medicinal Uses, Hemerocallis fulva | Day lily | Edible Uses, Aloysia citriodora | Lemon verbena | Medicinal Uses, Rubus pensilvanicus | Pennsylvania blackberry | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Rosa multiflora | Multiflora rose | Edible and Medicinal Uses, Dysphania ambrosioides | Epazote | Medicinal Uses. These include urinary infections, to improve urine flow (diuretic), against kidney inflammation (nephritis) and pain, against kidney stones, to lower fevers, to treat stomach problems (colics), and as a general tonic (Jiménez, 2011; Mendoza-Castelán and Lugo-Pérez, 2011; Salinas-Hernández et al., 2008; Martínez, 1989). Development of a capillary electrophoresis method for the characterization of "palo azul" (Eysenhardtia polystachya). Colder temperatures have been known to reduce germination, whereas higher temperatures tend to reduce the survival of new seedlings. Structure and formation of the fluorescent compound of Lignum nephriticum. This plant has been used medicinally for centuries and was well known to the indigenous peoples of Mexico and parts of Central America well before the European invasion. Org Lett. Gutierrez RM, Baez EG. A study evaluated the in vitro acaricidal (tick-killing) effect of two types of compounds known as coatlines and matlalines, extracted from kidneywood. Eventually the plants in this list will be linked to pages on my website for full details on how to eat them. The leaves of a related species, E. texana (Texas kidneywood) are macerated (soaked) in water and the cold tea is drunk to relieve kidney problems (Quattrocchi, 2012). Mabberley D. Mabberley’s Plant Book 3rd ed. I've gone through it and identified which plants have edible or medicinal uses as well as which are toxic. Jan Wrede's Trees, Shrubs, and Vines of the Texas Hill Country is a great book for identifying common wild Texas plants. J Anim Sci. A note to Marijuana users- Eysenhardtia will not help to pass a drug test. Texas kidneywood appears to germinate best when temperatures fall between 68 and 86 ºF and when there are about 12 hours of daylight. 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