Consequently, not all wool bedding is the same and it’s easy to make a costly mistake. They have wool on their faces, ears and legs. When spun it produces yarn with a lot of cushion and elasticity. Southdown Sheep. Fleece Weight: 5 to 8 lbs. From this, we know that there are only about 3,000 pedigreed Southdown ewes currently living in the UK, one of which we proudly present here. Since it has more barbs per inch than other … developed in France from the 18th century, now also in U.S. originally England, now also N.Z., North America, Australia, mostly raised for mutton; wool used for variety of products, originally England, now also N.Z., Australia, North America. “Most are sold privately through an agent but there is an annual deer sale in Taihape.” He said he will be sad to see the deer go. You will find it has good durability. Babydoll Southdown wool is one of the finest wools of all the British breeds. It is short (about 2 to 3 inches) and springy, soft and bouncy, with a surprisingly strong underlying disposition. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. If there is any shrinkage, it is quite minimal. Fleeces are considered medium wool type with a fibre diameter of 23.5 to 29.0 microns. Not to be confused with the Olde English 'Babydoll' Southdown sheep. The Southdown is a small, dual-purpose English sheep, raised primarily for meat. If my calculations are correct, it widened exactly the same percentage as it shortened. The micron count typically ranges from 23 to 29 which means many people can wear it comfortably next to the skin. The stitches are still defined, just fluffier. But here…the socks I’ve made from 100% Babydoll wool get put in a lingerie bag, then thrown in the washer with the other laundry. Southdown are the breed in which all others in the “Down Family” can cite in their back round. It was exported to New … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Southdown, breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in the Sussex hills of England. They are sturdy, wide, deep, compact and refined. To give you some idea of how Babydoll wool stands up to machine washing and even machine drying, this was an experiment I did when first knitting with it. Since it has more barbs per inch than other wool types, it is also ideal to blend with angora or other slick fibers since it clings so well. Babydoll wool is great for socks, mittens, hats, blankets, and sweaters. Often the fiber is sold in wool pools, but it can be an interesting hand spinning experience. Updates? Sheep, ! Of course, I  will always recommend hand washing any wool item in cool water, then air drying. We sell our wool and other woolly items in Our Shops. The wool is fine to medium, with a staple length of 4-6 cm (or 1.5-2.5 inches), average fleece weighs 3-5 pounds, and is coarse with a micron count of 58s-60s. Black Friday Sale! Southdown sheep are a smaller sized sheep that are ideal for a homestead type farm. Southdown sheep are a smaller sized sheep that are ideal for a homestead type farm. They are a great breed that are docile and easy to manage. Rams and ewes are usually polled, that means they have no horns. Any wool covering in front of the eyes should be short so that at no time can the sheep be woolblind. It remained in the laundry bag to be dried in the dryer with heat. As a result, Southdown was a very popular wool for clothing. They are usually of white color with mouse colored faces. A relatively smaller sheep in comparison to some, it is a duel breed known today for mostly meat. Sheep, ! Their wool was integral to what may have been the first ever recorded sheep-to-sweater type of exhibition. However is generally known as a medium grade fleece with a blocky rectangular staple. When spun it produces yarn with a lot of cushion and elasticity. The micron count typically ranges from 23 to 29 which means many people can wear it comfortably next to the skin. They are sturdy, wide, deep, compact and refined. Next page -> How the Wool is Cleaned, Picked, and Carded. “They’re not a wool sheep they’re a fat lamb sheep.” He will sell his 200 hinds over the next over two years. They are usually of white color with mouse colored faces. Around 1341 there was and estimate of nearly 110000 Southdown sheep in Sussex and their wool quality came in second to that only of the Hereford sheep breed. Their wool is fine to medium, with a staple length of 4-6 cm, and average fleece weights … Rams and ewes are usually polled, that means they have no horns. You can see from her stubby legs, Southdowns are small sheep … Southdown duvets — Our hypoallergenic and moth proofed wool duvets will transform your sleep in countless ways. They have wool on their faces, ears and legs. 840. By 1837 William Youatt regarded this boundary to have ceased to exist, showing that the distribution of the types of sheep across Sussex had changed again. This picture was taken before it was washed: Then the scarf was placed in a laundry bag and machine washed with other laundry using the Warm/Cold cycle. Its fleece is close and is the finest of the British breeds; but, though white and of good quality, the wool is short and the fleeces relatively light in weight. No content or images may be used without written permission. Fiber diameter: 23.5 to 29 microns Wool Type: Fine, dense, medium-wool fleece Length: Good staple length of 1.5 to 2.5 inches. If you would like to spin, knit, crochet, or weave with it, we have wool and yarn for sale in Our Shops. But here’s the thing. Locks are disorganized and “downy” (it is, after all, the defining sheep breed of “down” type wools). Southdown is a soft fiber with a micron count of 23-29 and as low as 19 on some Babydoll flocks. In 1811, Sir John … https://www.britannica.com/animal/Southdown, Black-Faced Highland, also called Scottish Blackface, originally Scotland, now also U.S., Italy, Argentina, developed in N.Z., now also in U.S., Australia, developed in England, now in U.K., U.S., Australia, small wool yield; out-of-season lambs; horned and hornless varieties. Here are pictures of the same scarf after the washing machine/dryer abuse: After many years of working with it, I continue to be amazed at how versatile Babydoll Southdown wool is. They are broken down into two types the Original Southdown and the Babydoll Southdown that are a bit smaller than the original breed. It should be emphasized that the modern Southdown should have a moderate amount of wool about the face and eyes. [citation needed] At the time, their wool was second only to the Hereford sheep in fineness and quality.In 1780, John Ellman realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. Omissions? The colour of its face and legs is brown to light brown or gray. New Zealand or French Southdown wool does not exhibit the same qualities we are looking for. The Southdown is still noted for fine wool, although the fleece of course belongs to the British shortwool type and is not as fine as that of the Merino. So it actually shortened in length, but became slightly wider! It is short (about 2 to 3 inches) and springy, soft and bouncy, with a surprisingly strong underlying disposition. They are laid flat to dry. His work was continued by Jonas Webb of Babraham in Cambridgeshire, who developed the larger animal of today. The breed was standardized around 1780 by John Ellman who realized the breed potential and set out to increase the quality of the breed. Southdown Sheep Characteristics. Although Merinos continued to gain ground during the early 1800s as the preferred fine wool by many, Southdown was a close second. Southdown, breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in the Sussex … developed in England, now also widespread in U.S. originally Central Asia, now also Africa, Europe, U.S. coats of very young lambs called Persian lamb, originally England, now U.K., North America, originally England, now also Australia, N.Z., North and South America, coarse, long wool is used chiefly for carpets, originally Spain, now also Australia, North America, South Africa. We have drawings of these Southdown ancestors and they most certainly didn’t look like the distinctive ‘teddy-bear’ faced Southdowns we recognise today. Southdown sheep are medium to large sized beautiful animals with distinctive appearance. We are a breeder of Southdowns and our farm is a member of the Southdown Sheep Society. The tear ducts should be free of wool just below the eyes. After washing, the scarf measured 64″ long and was 6″ wide. 2013 – A Large Flock – Join The Experience. Its ability to wet felt is very low, although it is fantastic for needle-felting! Both breeds fleece … The oldest of all British breeds of sheep, it has an ideal body conformation for meat production. Thanks for looking! Although you may feel that all sheep are roughly equal, the wool they produce is not. The Southdown breed was originally bred by John Ellman of Glynde, near Lewes, East Sussex, about 200 years ago. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Corrections? Southdowns are popular in many parts of the world, especially in The Commonwealth and the United States. While being a duel breed, Southdown are not known for their fiber. They are a great breed that are docile and easy to manage. 840. AND WOOL TYPES I7 which was used in the development of all other Down breeds from the late eighteenth century onwards. Southdown sheep are medium to large sized beautiful animals with distinctive appearance. An estimated 110,000 sheep were in Sussex as early as 1341. AND WOOL TYPES I7 which was used in the development of all other Down breeds from the late eighteenth century onwards. The Southdown is still noted for fine wool, although the fleece of course belongs to the British shortwool type and is not as fine as that of the Merino. It came out with a softer appearance and feel, yet remained elastic. If it were blocked it would easily retain the exact proportions. I wash with warm water and rinse with cool. History. Ears are moderate in length, should be level, and proportionate to the head size. There are technically 3 different types of Southdowns: American, Babydoll, and Miniature. Both ewes and rams are polled. Babydoll Southdown wool is one of the finest wools of all the British breeds. If my calculations are correct, it has more barbs per inch than …., Babydoll, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica count typically ranges from to. English sheep, with mouse colored faces of course, I will always recommend hand any. For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, legs! Exact proportions that are ideal for a homestead type farm, who developed the animal. All British breeds of sheep, it is short ( about 2 to 3 inches and. Beautiful animals with distinctive appearance proportionate to the head size close second and.! Type farm New … New Zealand or French Southdown wool is Cleaned, Picked and... 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