The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. Silver birch flowers Fruits. The seeds are dispersed by the wind. Identified in winter by: bark which is white all year round and twigs that are softly hairy to the touch. Small hear-shaped leaves are found at the ends of drooping twigs and branches. You can learn more about using birch for topical healing in this video or see this recipe for birch leaf infused oil. Heart rot is a common fungal birch tree disease. Silver birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. The young twigs of downy birch have small hairs, whereas the silver birch twigs have small white wart like structures. Look out for: bark which is grey-white, and triangular-shaped leaves. The bark is usually bright in colour, from red on very young stems to becoming white/silver with age. The birch infused oil could also be used to make an herbal salve. The buds are quite prominent on the slender twigs and may be sticky. In order to control this disease, you have to prevent overcrowding by moderate pruning of branches and leaves. It is an infection caused by bacteria and fungi, and results in spots on the leaves. Another common birch tree disease is leaf spots. On the other hand the leaf of the quaking aspen is more heart-shaped leaf with small rounded teeth. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. A young silver birch leaf Flowers. The two species can be distinguished by their leaves, with those of downy birch being rounder in shape than silver birch, and having a single row of teeth on the leaf margin, in contrast to the double row of teeth on silver birch leaves. The white birch has an ovate or spear-shaped leaf with a double-serrated edge or leaf margin. To make an infused oil for sore muscles, collect birch bark, leaves, or both, and submerge them in a carrier oil, such as olive oil, for at least a few weeks. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. White Birch. Known by several names, such as the most common ones being, Paper birch, Yellow Birch, Silver birch, Cherry birch, White birch and Himalayan birch, is related closely to the beech and oak family. The female catkins appear in spring with the new shoots. You must also try to remove the fallen leaves, so as to avoid spread of this disease. Birch leaf is known as a natural pain reliever due to the … Common Names: Canoe Birch, Silver Birch, Paper Birch Genus: Betula Species: papyrifera Parts Used: leaves, sap, lumber, The White Birch is a small to medium sized deciduous tree which grows to 70 or 80 feet in height. 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