Registers a unique ID on mobile devices to allow geographic GPS location based tracking. Stores user settings when accessing a Youtube video embedded on external websites. European Oak: The following cookies and technologies allow us to analyze consumer behaviour on our website to detect potential errors and continually improve the user experience. Due to the way it grows, the European oak's sapwood is wider and thicker than its heartwood compared to  American oaks. Colour variation: European Oak has a more even colour tone from board to board than American Oak which can show greater contrasts between lighter and darker shades especially in the grain pattern. opening the website via a bookmark). This cookie is used by Google to track and store a visitor's identification. Registers a unique ID for storing statistics on YouTube videos watched by a user. It’s a good simplification, but European oak is a complex mess of different types of wood. An oiled floor never needs to be sanded, only regular applications of a maintenance oil are necessary to nourish the wood and bring the luster back, Though both European and American white oak are durable and strong, European oak, grows taller than the average American oak species and is often used for specialty longer length and wider floor planks, All Rights Reserved 2020 - Castle Bespoke Flooring, (Check out Castle Bespoke European white oak wide plank flooring products for ideas for your new floor). The World’s Most Elusive Oak. However,  both American and European oak have enough density to  be sawn instead of hand split. European Oak is darker with a naturally rich golden honey hue, while American Oak is lighter and more yellow in colour with the occasional pinkish hue. Now you must be encountered with the question of which white oak floor is better- European or American? Ex-bourbon q alba imports increased heavily about 1950-1960s. Oak wood from trunks with an age of 70 to 200 years is ideal. American white oak has greater inherent fiber strength making it denser compared to European white oak . Q alba was available in Europe already in the 16th century and widely used in Spain and Portugal. The European oak is planted for forestry, and produces a long-lasting and durable heartwood, much in demand for interior floor and furniture work. European white oak (Quercus Robur/Petrea) commonly known as common oak is a temperate hardwood native to Europe west of the Caucasus in countries like Germany, Poland, France and England. American oak is a hardwood that’s principally found in Eastern North America. Manage details and settings for cookies and third party providers. Since 1986 shipping sherry in cask is not allowed any more so whisky distilleries are ordering bespoke casks, made from new American oak (occasionally also European oak) in one of the cooperages around Jerez, where they are sent to bodegas which fill them with fermenting must and / or with a lower-grade sherry, usually Oloroso or PX (although the specific type is fairly irrelevant … You will often read whisky makers describe their spirits as having been aged in either American oak or Spanish/European oak casks. GermanyLegal Notice. This slot is intended for displaying content of the external provider (https://www.youtube-nocookie.com/). Q alba was available in Europe already in the 16th century and widely used in Spain and Portugal. European oak is typically hard, strong, and heavy wood but American white oak has better overall strength and bending properties relative to weight. Used broadly across most types of furnishing, European oak is usually finished with a natural oil finish such as hardwax oils, They are easy to care for and are repairable. Editor’s note, 8/25/17: This story was updated to correct a reference to sherry cask producers using European oak. Most whisky casks are made from either American white oak or European oak. An oil finish penetrates the wood fibers to harden them while not altering the natural beauty of the wood. An American oak can be cut down after 70 years, while the slower-growing European oak must at least grow for 100 additional years. It will bring notes of vanilla, pepper and subtle spiciness. Both species are considered ‘white’ oaks, but American oak also comes in ‘red’ oak. European oak is typically hard, strong, and heavy wood but American white oak has better overall strength and bending properties relative to weight. “Mizunara is unique in that it takes from 200 up to 500 years to grow mizunara trees for cask making,” says Shinji Fukuyo, Suntory’s chief blender. To put it simply, American oak is mainly sourced from North America. January 2, 2018 Whisky. By the way, Sherry, which used to be stored exclusively in European oak casks in the past, is also increasingly stored in American oak casks. The tree transports water and nutrients through these vessels. This cookie is used by Google for tracking. “Mizunara is unique in that it takes from 200 up to 500 years to grow mizunara trees for cask making,” says Shinji Fukuyo, Suntory’s chief blender. This 1. fill extracts the strongest flavours from the wood. European oak has a warm golden brown color whereas American oak has subtly lighter with reddish tones. Stores user settings when accessing Instagram content embedded on external websites. Heading to Japan, the type of oak that has been literally and figuratively on the tip of many drinker’s tongues as of late is Quercus mongolica, Mongolian oak, or as whisky lovers know it, mizunara oak. American oak demonstrates a much larger grain. Additionally, there are other species of American oak (Quercus garryana) which grow in Western North America in regions of Oregon and Washington. American oak casks are significantly cheaper than European ones. European oak has a more even color tone across planks than American oak which can show greater color variations between lighter and darker shades due to the. The World’s Most Elusive Oak. European oak, is a native of various European countries — most commonly from sustainably managed forests in France, England and Germany. I just read that (despite the talk of sherry-shortage) the majority of sherry is apparently aged in American oak; And yet only the European oak sherry casks are used for Scotch maturation. It’s estimated that the 5.2 billion white oak trees in the U.S. cover a total of about 235,000 square miles. The usual division of oak types in the whisky world is into two camps: American and European. There are three types of oak that are usually used to mature whisky: European Oak, American Oak and Japanese Oak. It comes in red oak or white oak. Introduction to the Cask Maturation of Whisky, A Traditional Product from Modern Production, Production and Preparation of Whisky Casks, A distillery Tour through the old Midelton Distillery, The Development of the Individual Taste and the Significance of Guided Whisky Tastings, 7 Peculiarities about the Whisky Industry, Study on the Chill Filtration of Scotch Single Malt Whiskies, Differences between Original Bottlings and Independent Bottlings, Summary Independent Bottlings vs Original Bottlings, Peated Sherry and Wine Cask Matured Whiskies, fill casks are therefore most interesting. Typically,  American white oak  grows high in the mountains and on low lands giving rise to different characteristic  and tends to be short and thick. Each of these oaks has a distinctive profile that affects the character of the whisky. So my question is, why not use American oak sherry casks for whisky maturation? European white oak tends to have a more wavy and a much tighter grain pattern compared to American oak tends to have a large and predominantly straight grain pattern with much larger grain and growth rings. Ex-bourbon q alba imports increased heavily about 1950-1960s. Attempts to calculate the user's network bandwidth on pages with embedded YouTube videos. American white oak has greater inherent fiber strength making it denser compared to European white oak . Lets dive into this a little deeper with each of the parameters which differentiate European oak from North American oak. ‘1, fill’ doesn't mean the original filling of the cask with bourbon, sherry or port, but the first Scotch malt whisky that's filled into a cask. The following cookies and technologies are required for the core functionalities of our website and online shops. Both species are classed as “white” oaks and have been known to live for several hundred years. They are easy to care for and are repairable. The Scottish whisky casks were probably mostly European oak until late 19th century, after that plenty of Q alba-sherry and new oak (probably both american and euro). European oak has a more even color tone across planks than American oak which can show greater color variations between lighter and darker shades due to the much larger grain and growth rings. This slot is intended for displaying content of the external provider (https://www.googletagmanager.com/). Used broadly across most types of furnishing, European oak is usually finished with a natural oil finish such as hardwax oils. The Scottish whisky casks were probably mostly European oak until late 19th century, after that plenty of Q alba-sherry and new oak (probably both american and euro). Kirsteen Campbell, Master Whisky Maker, The Macallan, said: “Bringing together American and European oak sherry seasoned casks to achieve the perfect balance of flavours is incredibly exciting for the Whisky Mastery Team, and we are proud to offer two new expressions to this distinctive range for The Macallan Double Cask fans to explore. European and American white oak might look similar but they are much different in terms of color, grain pattern and how they absorb stains and finish. An oiled floor never needs to be sanded, only regular applications of a maintenance oil are necessary to nourish the wood and bring the luster back ( Learn about 0% VOC hand oiled collections from Castle Bespoke). European oak grows in northern Spain and Portugal. Other types of wood emit unpleasant flavours that make the whisky awkward or even unenjoyable. Moreover, European oak is generally live-sawn in which the log of the tree is cut right through from the front to the back. This cookie is used by Google to track and store the visited page history. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(2974182, '8e24ce66-4b9d-4a16-8c60-e24d6bee4c06', {}); Distributed by: Greenpointe Wood Floor Supplies, 1.833.822.7853 info@castlebespokeflooring.com, 11802 SE Jennifer St Clackamas OR 97015 Mon-Fri 07:00 AM - 05:00 PM, social social social social social socialsocial, EUROPEAN WHITE OAK V/S AMERICAN WHITE OAK, , and produces a long-lasting and durable. French oak is used to age wine and cognac. On the other hand, American barrels aren’t typically distinguished by forest, and oak for barrels is grown in 18 different states, mostly in the Midwest and in the Appalachians, as well as Oregon. 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