Park. ...In the quarter century following the Civil War, 10 million head were trailed north...Longhorns have ideal characteristics - they can go incredible distances without water; rustle their own food; fend for themselves; swim rivers; and survive the desert sun and winter snow... (condensed from Longhorn History: Texas Longhorn Breeders Association). of the Rio Bravo to the sand beds of the Sabine. Mule deer numbers in the Trans-Pecos reached a low of 95,000 animals in 1999… It took less than 40 years, fenced in land, plows and an overwhelming demand     Subfamily: Bovinae In fact, he thought the Texas Longhorns were With only a handful of Texas Longhorns Longhorn, the hardy breed of open range cattle that defined the western trail drive and serves as the mascot for the University of Texas. Wildlife Refuge at Valentine, Nebraska. participated in by hundreds of elementary schoolchildren throughout our state; and In 1936 Sid Richardson, a Fort Worth businessman, believed we were about to lose the Texas Longhorn. The longhorn was named the official large state mammal of the State of Texas by House Concurrent Resolution and is not, therefore, Another herd was established on the Fort Niobrara National Texas designated the iconic longhorn as the official state large mammal in 1995 (Texas also recognizes an official small mammal and a state flying mammal). Only a few of Texas' myriad symbols were actually adopted by an act of the legislature and written into the Texas Statutes. The Mexican A state mammal is the official mammal of a U.S. state as designated by a state's legislature. RESOLVED, That the 74th Legislature of the State of Texas hereby designate the longhorn the official Large State Mammal of Texas and the armadillo the official Small State Mammal of Texas. Now they needed a place to put them. here at about the time that Texas became a state; and If you are a Texas angler then you probably got the Guadalupe bass and the state reptile might have been easy because it has Texas in the name. WHEREAS, The two front runners in this race have been the armadillo and the longhorn; and These big cats can be found throughout the Trans-Pecos, as well as the brushlands of south Texas … The largest land-dwelling mammal on earth, at seven tons, the African elephant is smaller than the blue whale for good reason: The buoyancy of water helps to counteract the blue whale's weight, and elephants are terrestrial. The first column of the table is for those denoted as the state mammal, and the second shows the state marine mammals. All State Mammals. Phylum: Chordata at Fort Griffin, drawing visitors from all over the world. The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Seventy-five species of mammals, representing 23 families, have been recorded in Big Bend National Park … The Texas Legislature recognized By the end of 1942, they had located a few more and these were placed at Lake Brownwood State Park. Mammal Checklist. cattle industry by claiming first rights in the untamed, newly discovered Americas a little over 500 years ago. by rail to the beef-hungry East. Longhorn steer; large mammal symbol of Texas. Armadillo — The nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) is one of Texas’ most interesting mammals. listed in the Texas Statutes. The capitol of the state is Austin and the largest city is Houston. Texas longhorn is the official state large mammal of Texas. Also in 1995, a third mammal was named to represent Texas when Senate Concurrent Resolution No. free-tailed bat was named the official flying mammal of the State of Texas. 178. One of these is under The same resolution named the armadillo the The large mammal state animal of Texas is the Longhorn, a breed of cattle with characteristically long horns, which are often used as a symbol of Texas. All State Mammals, Source | Reference Links | Additional Resources, Texas Symbols: Texas State Library & Archives. SPECIES LIST: MAMMALS WICHITA MOUNTAINS WILDLIFE REFUGE ORDER DIDELPHIMORPHIA Family Didelphidae (Opossums and allies) Opossum (Didelphis virginiana)—Common ORDER INSECTIVORA Family Soricidae (Shrews) Shorttail Shrew (Blarina brevicauda)—Common; venomous, but not deadly to humansLeast Shrew (Cryptotis parva)—CommonDesert (Gray) Shrew (Notiosorex crawfordi)—Rare It was entitledto the official state large mammal of Texas in 1995. the official Small State Mammal of Texas. known as Texas. in the marketplace to drive the Longhorn closer to extinction than the buffalo. The longhorn was adopted as the Texas large state mammal on June 16, 1995. Dobie enlisted the help of long time cattle detective, rancher State law protects numerous species. of the Rio Grande. WHEREAS, As proud and indomitable as the state from which they hail, both the longhorn and the armadillo will serve as fitting symbols of Texas' unique Order: Artiodactyla This book includes all 157 species of texas s mammals from mice to mountain lions. WHEREAS, Once the cornerstone of the Texas cattle industry, an estimated 10 million longhorns were herded from Texas to midwestern and western markets Twenty-one were shipped to Fort Griffin State Park and the remaining ones were sold. symbol by businesses from the Rio Grande Valley to the Panhandle; and and breeding purposes. WHEREAS, In keeping with this custom, the designation of an Official State Mammal of Texas has been the subject of an extensive statewide mock election But the Texas Longhorn would. Richardson then asked Dobie and Peeler to locate another herd. escaped from missions or abandoned after ranch failures. Translating wild cattle into hard cash was an epic struggle between man, beast and the elements- from this grew the romantic legends of the Western Since its inception, this has been the Official State Longhorn herd and Fort Griffin the home of the herd, since 1948. The state held a mock election with hundreds of elementary school children to decide on the state mammal. The mere sight of a longhorn brings to mind the old west. - Kirk of TexasLonghorns.com. Spanish cattle to Santa Domingo, and within two hundred years their descendents would be grazing the ranges of Mexico. The mammals of the Big Bend region are extremely diverse. Texas’s state large mammal – Texas longhorn found in America and Canada. Amigo Yates, a longhorn on the Yates Ranch south of heritage; now, therefore, be it Support for the longhorn and armadillo was equally divided so the state decided to create a designation for small state mammal and large Read more eagerly sought the responsibility of protecting and preserving this State historic treasure. It became a symbol of the Texas cattle drives in the 1860s and 1870s. closer to extinction than the buffalo. In the next quarter century, 10 million head were trailed North to fatten on lush Midwestern grasses or shipped directly Taxonomic Hierarchy: Longhorn Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammal Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae Subfamily: Bovinae Genus: Bos - Linnaeus, 1758 But, at the turn of the century, sundown came for the Texas Longhorn. of our state; and author of The Longhorns, and his friend Graves Peeler, who had excellent knowledge of the Texas range country. No. The state mammal of Texas is the armadillo. deep respect and need for the land, the ability to change and adapt, and a fierce undying love for freedom; and The longhorns were placed at Lake Corpus Christi State Also known as pumas, mountain lions, panthers, and catamounts, cougars are quite possibly the most dangerous of the Texas animals in terms of ferocity and potential damage. Texas Longhorn Steer; photo by Roy Niswanger on Flickr (use permitted with attribution). Texas designated the iconic longhorn as the official state large mammal in 1995 (Texas also recognizes an official small mammal and a state flying mammal). Within 200 years their descendants were grazing the ranges of Mexico. and longhorn raiser, Graves Peeler. In 1690, the first herd of cattle, only about 200 head, were driven northward from Mexico to a mission near the Sabine River-a land that would become The flying mammal state animal of Texas is the Mexican freetail bat or Tadarida brasiliensis, a medium-sized species of bat. 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